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ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) is a family of neurodevelopmental conditions strongly associated with an inability to plan, organise, and focus on tasks. These conditions are usually correlated with children but they may also impact adults. People with ADHD experience a delay in the development of their ability to emotionally regulate themselves and ignore distracting stimuli.

The number of individuals diagnosed with ADHD is increasing, with research now claiming that up to 1 in 10 children experience a form of ADHD. As with conditions such as Autism, this increase may be partly due to better and more accurate techniques to diagnose the condition.

With increased public and professional awareness around diagnosing, understanding and supporting individuals with ADHD, there is less stigma associated with the condition than in the past. Parents and teachers are now better equipped than ever in ways to assist the children in their care with ADHD.

What are the Signs of ADHD?

ADHD is characterised by the persistent inability to suppress responses to stimuli, self-soothe, and emotionally regulate. It is associated with cognitive impulsiveness, restlessness, and hyperactivity (but not always). Many of these traits are common in young children and are not a definitive sign that they have ADHD. This can make diagnosing ADHD difficult for certain ages. However, if children continue to express these traits as they grow older, it may be beneficial for them to undertake an ADHD assessment.

When compared with other children of the same age, children with ADHD may appear to be less developmentally mature than their peers. They also may lag behind academically in class. Other symptoms include speaking often and at great length, doing the first thing that occurs to them, having a low tolerance for frustration, quickness to anger, and an inability to focus on tasks they do not initiate or refocus on tasks after distractions. These behaviours can lead to conflicts with parents and authority figures and inappropriate labels that denounce these children as ‘naughty’. 

AlthougADHD is often associated with childhood, and symptoms can improve as the child gets older; around 15% of children with ADHD still display symptoms as adults. Close to2-3% of adults have active ADHD that impacts their everyday lives. Adults with ADHD may experience similar issues to their child counterparts. They may have difficulties remaining on task in the workforce and find themselves easily distracted or forgetful. One of the most common issues reported amongst adults with ADHD & ADD was struggling with time management: missing deadlines and scheduled appointments. 

Unable to self-soothe

Inability to suppress responses to stimuli

Unable to emotionally regulate

What are the Causes of ADHD/ADD?

Although the exact cause of the disorder is unknown, research suggests that the following factors may play a part: 


ADHD tends to run in families. Children with the disorder are 25% more likely to have a parent with it, and/or another family member, such as a sibling.

Brain Anatomy

The parts of the brain that control activity and attention levels may be associated with ADHD & ADD and have lower activity.

Head Injury

Significant head injuries have occasionally resulted in ADHD-like symptoms in individuals. 


Premature Birth

Being born prematurely or having a low birth weight may increase the chances of developing ADHD/ADD. 


In rare circumstances, environmental toxins may affect child development and behaviour. One example is a high concentration of lead in the body. 

Contrary to popular belief there is no evidence that vaccinations, allergies, food additives or too much sugar consumption cause ADHD. 

What may help ADHD & ADD?

People with ADHD can be supported through a variety of approaches that help to alleviate the symptoms. While the disorder itself is not curable, symptoms, such as the inability to emotionally self-regulate, can be controlled through therapy and training to better equip children and adults diagnosed with ADHD to lead a stable and fulfilling life.

The Direct Focus Solutions team is committed to providing people with the ADHD tools they need to manage their everyday lives and interactions. We are partnered with the ADD/ADHD Treatment Centre, which has been helping families in Sydney for over fifteen years.

Our ADHD therapies are created on an individual basis and are tailor-made for each client. Our team of professionals works together holistically to determine the best strategies to help each individual. This may include pharmacological interventions as prescribed by your doctor with our psychologists providing behavioural management, social skills training and psychoeducation.

“It is better to be high-spirited even though one makes more mistakes, than to be narrow-minded and all too prudent.”

Vincent Van Gogh

How we can help with ADHD?

We can provide comprehensive ADHD diagnostic assessments and can give recommendations regarding which therapies may best support you or your child.  

Do not hesitate to contact us today by phone or email. You can schedule an appointment with one of our experts at one of our clinics throughout Sydney, The Illawarra and Bathurst. Alternatively, we can, arrange a Telehealth consultation with us from the location best suited to you. 

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